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  International Commercial Law from a Nordic and Baltic Perspective:
Current Status and Challenges

Conference held at Aarhus University in collaboration with the Secretariat of UNCITRAL on 18 September 2014.

Editor: Thomas Neumann, PhD, contact


Audio-Visual Conference Book

Conference report by Thomas Neumann, hosted at the Nordic Journal of International Commercial Law. NJCL 2014#2 pp. 1-15.

The Conference programme.

The Conference website.



Session I: Globalisation of the Region


Luca G. Castellani

Legal Officer at the Secretariat of UNCITRAL

The Many Facets of Promoting the CISG: Broader Adoption, Scope of Application, Uniform Interpretation and Domestic Use

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Luca Castellani is a legal officer in the secretariat of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), which is co-organising the conference. Luca is currently secretary of UNCITRAL Working Group IV (Electronic Commerce) and has been the head of the UNCITRAL Regional Centre for Asia and the Pacific, located in Incheon, Republic of Korea. He has also worked in various legal positions with the United Nations in New York and Vienna and with the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea in Addis Ababa. Luca has received a JD from the University of Torino, an SJD in comparative law from the University of Trieste and a LLM in international law from New York University. He has published in the field of international trade law and comparative law, with special regard to developing countries.




Jan Ramberg

Professor Emeritus, Stockholm University

Regionalism and Globalism from a Nordic Perspective

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Jan Ramberg is Dr. Jur. from Stockholm University in 1970, honorary professor at Riga Graduate School of Law, and the author of several publications relating to areas such as international contract law, maritime law, and transport law. He has substantial experience as a practicing lawyer, arbitrator, and board member of several large corporations. He has acted as the president of the Board of the Scandinavian Maritime Law Institute as well as the Swedish Maritime Law Association. Jan Ramberg has been the dean of the faculty of law at Stockholm University and rector of Riga Graduate School of Law. He has received numerous awards and prizes, such as the King's gold medal for achievements to the benefit of Swedish industry by the Swedish National Committee of the International Chamber of Commerce, and the Söderberg Prize in legal science by the Royal Swedish Academy of Science. As vice president of the ICC Commission on International Commercial Practice he was involved in the revision of the INCOTERMS in 1980, 1990, and 2000.





Session II: Status and Experience: The Nordic Region


Camilla Baasch Andersen

Professor, University of Western Australia

Nordic Legal Tradition - An Obstacle to Uniform Application?

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Camilla Baasch Andersen is a professor at University of Western Australia, and holds a PhD from Aarhus School of Business. Throughout her career at University of Copenhagen, Centre for Commercial Law Studies at Queen Mary (University of London) and University of Leicester she has published numerous articles and authored a number of books in the field of international sales law and comparative commercial law. She has won several awards for her teaching and advocacy skills and has acted as National Reporter for the UK for the International Academy of Comparative Law and consulted for the CISG Advisory Council. She co-founded The Journal of Comparative Law where she is now associate editor, and serves as assistant editor of the award-winning CISG Database at the Institute of International Commercial Law at Pace University School of Law, where she holds a Fellowship.




Thomas Neumann

Associate Professor, Aarhus University

The Nordic Article 92 Reservations and Their Withdrawal: Implications and Problems

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Thomas Neumann is PhD from Aarhus School of Business in 2011. He is a former participant of the 14th Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot and he published his first CISG related article as a master student in the Vindobona Journal. While writing his PhD dissertation he launched the CISG Nordic research database (cisgnordic.net) comprising material relevant to the interpretation and application of the Convention in the Nordic countries. Thomas Neumann was awarded the PhD degree in 2011 for his dissertation ‘An Exploration of Article 80 CISG’. Subsequently he won a two-year working grant from the Danish Council for Independent Research for his initiatives on international sales law.




Session III: Status and Experience: The Baltic Region


Aleksandra Tolea (Vasiljeva)

PhD Candidate, University of Southern Denmark

The Baltic Reservations Against Freedom of Form: Background, Withdrawal, Status

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Aleksandra Tolea (Vasiljeva) is Master of Laws from University of Latvia where she wrote and published her masters thesis on European Union law. She has experience from her work with the Internal Market Department at the Latvian Ministry of Economics. In 2013 she received a three-year PhD scholarship from Syddansk University. Aleksandra Vasiljeva is the coordinator of the Baltic section of the CISG Nordic research database (cisgnordic.net).




Tadas Klimas

Associate Professor and Attorney

Reception of the CISG in the Baltics: An Epidemiology

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Tadas Klimas is a practicing attorney and an associate professor of law. He has a doctorate from DePaul University School of Law and is admitted to practice as an attorney in the Republic of Lithuania as well as in Ohio and Illinois. He has taken part in the drafting of several legislative changes in Lithuania and has been chief legal counsel to the Speaker of the Lithuanian Parliament. Tadas Klimas is the author of several books and articles on comparative law and commercial law. He has acted as the founding dean of a law school and has been awarded the Knights Cross of the Lithuanian Order of Merit in 2009. Klimas in 1992 was awarded the National Intelligence Medal of Achievement, which was at the time America's most prestigious honor in the field of national intelligence and security.




Karsten Duch Lynggaard

Attorney and Partner at Magnusson

Ten years later: A Practitioners View of the Future

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Karsten Duch Lynggaard is a Danish attorney and partner of Magnusson, the Baltic Sea Region law firm. His practice areas include corporate law and international contracts, including M&A and financing of M&A transactions, IT and e-commerce law & marketing, and China-related investments. Karsten holds a Master of Law degree from Aarhus University, studied at Oslo University, attended legal courses at Cambridge University and management courses at Nordic International Management Institute (China). He was a PhD Fellow at Copenhagen Business School (DK) focusing on the ban on providing financial assistance for the acquisition of a company’s own shares. Karsten has been external lecturer at Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen IT University and Aalborg University and has taught Danish and Chinese lawyers on company law, venture capital law and M&A law.




Session IV: Formation of Contract


Ole Lando

Professor Emeritus, Copenhagen Business School

The Problems Caused by CISG Part II

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Ole Lando is Dr. Jur. from the University of Copenhagen in 1963, Honorary Doctor at Stockholm Business School, University of Osnabruck, University of Fribourg, and University of Wurzburg. He is the receiver of numerous awards, titles and no less than two festschrifts have been written in his honour. Ole Lando is the father of the Principles of European Contract Law, and author of countless books and articles in the field of private international law, contract law and comparative law. He has participated in the UNIDROIT working group preparing the UNIDROIT Principles and is currently the founder and chairman of the working group drafting the Restatement of Nordic Contract Law.




Kai Krüger

Professor Emeritus, University of Bergen

Point of no Return - Threshold for Binding Commercial Agreement in the Forthcoming Nordic CISG Part II Setting

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Kai Krüger is Dr. Jur. from the University of Oslo in 1973. He is the author of numerous books and articles on contract law, sales law, securities, and European Union law. His scholarly activity has attracted much recognition, and Kai Krüger is the receiver of the Meltzer´s Award. Besides being professor of law at the University of Bergen, Kai Krüger has been the dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Bergen, appointed judge at the Supreme Court of Norway (1999), and the member of several expert committees and advisory boards, among those the Consumer Disputes Commission. He is currently sitting in the Norwegian Procurement Complaint Board and the Construction Industry's Advisory and Dispute Resolution Council.




Kasper Steensgaard

Associate Professor, Aarhus University

From § 6 NCA to Art. 19 CISG. New Rules on Nonconforming Acceptances - Overlaps and Pitfalls

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Kasper Steensgaard is PhD from Aarhus University in 2010. His dissertation was on the incorporation of standard terms and conditions in international sales contracts. He later participated in the joint Oxford University and Humboldt University Draft Common Frame of Reference Context Project and acted as country correspondent for Denmark in the Global Sales Law project at Basel University. He is coach of the Aarhus University team in the Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot.




Session V: Shortcomings and Challenges


Burghard Piltz

Professor, Dr. and Partner of Ahlers & Vogel, Hamburg

INCOTERMS and CISG Article 30 et seqq.

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Burghard Piltz has his legal education from University of Münster and University of Munich. He practices law both as legal counsel and as arbitrator in the field of international commercial law. Burghard Piltz is appointed honorary professor at University of Bielefeld and has authored countless books and articles in the field of commercial law, including titles like “Internationales Kaufrecht”, “Export Contract” and “Compraventa Internacional”. He is co-editor of the law journals “Internationales Handelsrecht“ (International Commercial Law), “Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Handelsrecht” (Netherland’s Journal for Commercial Law) and “European Journal of Commercial Contract Law”. His area of specialization is primarily international sale of goods and INCOTERMS.




Helena Haapio

Legal Management Consultant, Lexpert Ltd. and Senior Researcher, University of Vaasa

Responding to the Challenges: Making Contracts and the Law Work for Business

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Helena Haapio works as Legal Management Consultant at Lexpert, a private advisory firm specializing in ways to use contracts and the law proactively to achieve better business results, balance risk with reward, and prevent problems. She also acts as arbitrator in cross-border contract disputes. After completing legal studies at the University of Turku and Cambridge University, Helena served for several years as in-house Legal Counsel in Europe and the United States. She is the author of several articles and books aimed at internationally trading businesses. The Finnish Institute of Export has nominated her ‘Export Educator of the Year’. Helena Haapio is a member of the Advisory Council of the International Association for Contract and Commercial Management (IACCM) and the founder of IACCM Finland. Since her doctoral dissertation on Next Generation Contracts, her multi-disciplinary research at the University of Vaasa focuses on ways to enhance the quality – especially the functionality and usability – of contracts. Through a proactive approach, information design and visualization, she seeks to fundamentally change the way contracts and the law are designed, communicated, perceived, and taught.




René Franz Henschel

Professor, Aarhus University

Unreasonable Contract Terms, Domestic Validity Rules and the CISG: How far do the Fundamental Principles of the CISG Replace and/or Supplement Domestic Contract Law, Including the Nordic Contracts Act § 36?

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René Franz Henschel, PHD, Master of Law, is Professor (MSO) of Contract Law and Contract Management at the School of Law, Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University. He is a member of the International Association of Contract and Commercial Management (IACCM) Academic Advisory Board, and a Editorial Board Member of the journals Contracting Excellence and Nordic Journal of Commercial Law. He is co-author of the newly published Danish Commentary on the CISG (2014), The International Contract Manual (Thomson Westlaw 2013) and IACCM Contract and Commercial Management - The Operational Guide (2012). He is also Honorary Senior Editor of the UNILEX – Case law on the CISG and UNIDROIT Principles.





Published 14 November 2014.
Copyrights reserved. May not be reproduced without express permission.




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